FERPA (FAMILY EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS & PRIVACY ACT)
President Obama unlocks data by changes made to Executive Order 12866
Change to FERPA came about because President Obama changed the regulatory process originally created in EO 12866 which enabled the Obama administration to change FERPA regulations and by-pass Congress.
It was the changes to the original EO 12866 that changed the privacy regulations of FERPA.
This information was recently send to me from Jane Robbins of the American Principles Project
Additional privacy law - PPRA